Forex (a contraction of “foreign exchange,” often abbreviated as FX) is the market in which investors trade currencies. The forex market is the largest, most liquid market in the world in terms of the total amount of cash traded. The average daily sums measure in the trillions of dollars. It includes every currency in the world. And that is what makes forex trading scams look so legitimate.
When trading forex, a seller agrees to pay a buyer the difference between the current value of an asset and its value at a specified contract time. In the event the difference turns out to be negative, the buyer pays the seller. People, businesses and governments can all be forex sellers or forex buyers. Or victims of forex trading scams.
There is no single central forex market. Investors trade over the counter in all major financial centers. These include Frankfurt, Hong Kong, London, New York, Paris, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo, and Zurich. Besides those specific cities, countries with growing forex markets include Bulgaria, China, Malta, Romania, Russia, and the Arabian Gulf states. Unfortunately, some of them also host growing forex trading scams.
Not surprisingly, investors trade the U.S. dollar more than any other currency. They most frequently exchange it for euros, followed by the yen, the pound sterling, and the Swiss franc. Slight market fluctuations are responsible for profit or loss. These typically result from a combination of short-term speculation, major economic indicators and interest rate differentials.
Forex transactions take place either on a “spot” (immediate) or a “forward” (later) basis. The definition of “spot” is two business days for most currency pairs. Those two days exclude weekends and legal holidays in the countries that issue the relevant currencies. Brokers can schedule forward trades by agreement at any time in the future, other than a weekend or holiday. A forward trade will take into consideration the interest rate differential between the two currencies. Transactions that mature more than a year later are relatively unusual, but possible. In any case, investors in forward trades exchange funds not on the day of the transaction but rather on the settlement date.
A “future” is similar to a forward. But to execute one a trader must specify the amount in advance, schedule it on a specific date and use an exchange. The buyer pays a portion of the value of the contract up front and either pays or receives money based on the change in value. Speculators are the most common traders of futures. Contracts are usually closed out before maturity.
Forex trading by retail investors is not legal everywhere. Some countries permit it, many restrict it and others ban it outright. Therefore, investors should check with their national financial regulator what the legal status of retail trading is in their country and what restrictions may apply.
In any event, always confirm that any financial or investment firm you are considering is not the subject of a scam warning issued by a regulator, professional association or consumer protection agency. That is the surest way to avoid forex trading scams.
If you have been victimized by an unregulated forex brokerage, challenging them can be very complex and mistakes can cost you. MyChargeBack analyzes your case and assists you throughout the entire recovery process.
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